Research study titled National Intercollegiate Sport Sponsorships. A collaborative study with Kari Thompson (graduate student) at Bemidji State University to investigate the decision process of companies sponsoring college athletic programs. 

Presentation titled What Do Sport Managers Do? Minnesota Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Plymouth, MN.

Presentation titled Interscholastic Athletic Sponsorships: A Local Perspective. Central District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Omaha, NE. 

Presentation titled Intercollegiate Athletic Sponsorships: A Local Perspective. Central District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Omaha, NE. 

Presentation titled Interscholastic Sport Sponsorship: A Comparison Between Local and National. Florida Sport Administration and Physical Education Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

Article titled Tackling Sponsorships: Interscholastic Sports Administrators Hoping to Strike Sponsorship Pay Dirt Must Hone Their Approach Strategies. Athletic Business.  Vol. 24, No. 12, December, 89-96.